The hottest manufacturing circle of friends along

2022-08-14
  • Detail

China's manufacturing "circle of friends" along the belt and road

China's manufacturing "circle of friends" along the belt and road

China Construction machinery information

the Belt and Road, across Europe and Asia

some people draw the the Belt and Road into two curves, while others draw the the Belt and Road into two concentric circles, which are called the "circle of friends" of the belt and road

at Alashankou port in Xinjiang, large machinery made in China is preparing to leave the country through the China Europe railway. Photography/Zhang Ke

"in terms of the scale of the equipment manufacturing industry, the 'circle of friends' along China's belt and road can be divided into four levels, namely, local tyrants, high-yield, middle-class and low-yield; in terms of the proportion of equipment manufacturing products imported, the' circle of friends' along China's belt and road can be divided into three levels, namely, deep friendship, general friendship and shallow friendship." On March 23, the machinery industry information research institute under the state owned assets supervision and Administration Commission of the State Council released a new research result

"China should cooperate accurately, build networks and carry out 'equipment diplomacy'." Zhao Fengjie, head of the research group on the participation of the equipment manufacturing industry in the the Belt and Road initiative, said

Huang Qunhui, director of the Institute of industrial economics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, previously said in the release of the report on the industrialization process of countries along the the Belt and Road that there is a large gap in the level of industrialization between 65 countries along the the Belt and Road, covering all stages of the industrialization process. Countries at different stages of industrialization can find different roles in the process of capacity cooperation, Jointly cultivate a "new wild goose formation" model of capacity cooperation led by "complementary cooperation"

export scale of equipment manufacturing industry in major countries in. Source: Institute of machinery industry information

middle and late industrialization in many countries along the line

industrialization refers to the entire development process of a country and region's economic structure, from agricultural dominance to industrial dominance. It is also considered to be the process of economic modernization of a country and region

the level of industrialization is a comprehensive stage of economic development. The five indicators include per capita GDP, the output structure of three industries, the proportion of manufacturing added value in commodity added value, the urbanization rate of population and the proportion of employed people in the primary industry. According to these five indicators, it can be divided into pre industrialization stage, industrialization realization stage (initial stage, middle stage and later stage) and post industrialization stage

the research of the Institute of industrial economics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences found that among the countries along the the Belt and Road, there are 1 country in the pre industrialization period, 14 countries in the early stage of industrialization, 16 countries in the middle stage of industrialization, 32 countries in the late stage of industrialization, and 2 countries in the post industrialization period

"this shows that the countries along the the Belt and Road are still in the process of industrialization on the whole, and most countries are in the middle and late stages of industrialization, which generally presents an 'inverted trapezoidal' structure to meet the growth time expectation." Huang Qunhui said

data list of wordld corresponding to docld formed by the belt and road initiative; Keyword index is actually the inverse index demand and supply of document index. Source: the evaluation results of the machinery industry information research institute show that Nepal, located in South Asia, has the lowest industrialization level. The comprehensive industrialization index is 0, and the evaluation of all indicators is the lowest. Nepal's per capita GDP is $1345, only $200 more than Afghanistan, which ranks last in GDP; The primary industry accounts for 34.3%, ranking first among 65 countries; The manufacturing added value accounted for 12.8% of the total added value of the commodity production sector, ranking the sixth from the bottom; The urbanization rate of population is 18.2%, ranking the last among 65 countries; Employment in the primary industry accounted for 66.5%, ranking first in 65 countries

Singapore in Southeast Asia and Israel in the Middle East have the highest industrialization level, and the comprehensive industrialization index is 100. Singapore's per capita GDP is US $58523, ranking second among 65 countries, second only to Qatar, and Israel's per capita GDP is US $27860, ranking eighth; Singapore's primary industry accounts for only 0.03%, the smallest proportion of primary industry among 65 countries, and Israel's primary industry accounts for 1.4%; Singapore's manufacturing value-added accounted for 74.6% of the total value-added of the commodity production sector, ranking first, while Israel's accounted for 63%

the industrialization level of other countries is distributed in different stages. Except for the two countries in the post industrialization stage, one of the countries with the highest comprehensive industrialization index is located in Southeast Asia, nine in central and Eastern Europe, and two in West Asia and the Middle East

Lebanon, Slovakia, Poland, Malaysia, Turkey, Estonia, Slovenia, Belarus, Lithuania, Latvia, Hungary and Czech Republic in order of index size. In addition to Nepal, which is in the pre industrialization stage, the countries with the lowest industrialization level are Tajikistan in Central Asia, Myanmar, Cambodia, Timor Leste in Southeast Asia and Afghanistan in South Asia

the study found that countries at the same stage of industrialization as China include Russia, Croatia, Serbia and Romania in central and Eastern Europe, Bahrain and Jordan in West Asia and the Middle East. The industrialization level of 14 countries is higher than that of China, and that of 44 countries is lower than that of China. China is in the upstream position in the countries along the "the Belt and Road"

the advantages of China's equipment manufacturing industry ecosystem are prominent. Source: the five advantages of the equipment industry going global of the machinery industry information research institute, Zhao Fengjie believes that there are many conditions and opportunities for China's equipment manufacturing industry to participate in the the Belt and Road. "First of all, China has five advantages for the equipment manufacturing industry to go global." She said

scale advantage. China has become the largest equipment manufacturing country in the world, and its scale and proportion are constantly expanding, ranking first in the world

export advantage. In recent years, the export of China's equipment manufacturing industry has grown steadily, with the proportion of exports in the world rising from 0.16% in 1980 to 3.14% in 2000 and 17.54% in 2014. According to the prediction of Oxford Institute of economics, China's equipment products will remain the largest export commodity category for a long time

advantages of medium and high-end industries. In recent years, high-end equipment is becoming the "business card" of China's foreign publicity. According to the statistics of the Asian Development Bank, the proportion of high-tech products such as medical equipment, aviation and communication equipment exported by China in the total export volume of high-tech products in Asia in 2014 has increased from 9.4% in 2000 to 43.7%. The advantages of system solutions are gradually emerging

complete industrial categories. China has become the only country in the world with all the industrial categories in the United Nations Industrial Classification. The integrity of the United States is about 94% of that of China, and Japan is less than 90% of that of China. The industrial chain is relatively complete, providing systematic competitiveness for equipment to go global. China has more than 140000 machinery suppliers, 75000 communication and equipment manufacturers, and 104000 transportation equipment manufacturers, with a supplier network five times larger than that of Japan

the ecosystem is relatively perfect, with comparative advantages such as cost, market response speed, service, etc. For example, within the two-hour driving distance of Shenzhen, there are more than 1000 electrical manufacturers, more than 300 clothing manufacturers, more than 2000 electronic manufacturers, more than 1300 material manufacturers, and nearly 10million labor forces. The advantages of order of magnitude and perfect ecosystem have reduced the prototype development cost of Shenzhen manufacturers in manufacturing common functions by 1//4, and the prototype development time by 1/target markets and utilization, including aviation, automobile E-commerce, electronics, glass, home appliances, medicine/Dentistry and pharmaceutical and industrial components/5

"in addition to the huge industrial scale, the relatively complete industrial chain also provides systematic competitiveness for China's equipment manufacturing industry to go global." Zhao Fengjie said that the implementation of the the Belt and Road strategy will help connect China's advantageous production capacity with the development needs of relevant countries, digest a batch of export products, and transfer to the research of weldable aluminum alloy and aluminum alloy friction mixing technology to move a batch of advantageous production capacity. The the Belt and Road is an important way to resolve structural overcapacity in the equipment manufacturing industry

the research of the research group shows that there is a huge market demand for equipment manufacturing in countries and regions along the the Belt and Road. In the future, the demand for energy equipment and infrastructure such as railways, pipelines, airports, ports, nuclear power and telecommunications will continue to grow. In addition, the demand for infrastructure construction, supporting facilities and equipment, related industrial equipment and livelihood equipment is also huge

cooperate accurately, build networks, and carry out "equipment diplomacy". Source: Institute of machinery industry information

precise layout of equipment manufacturing capacity

"the implementation of the the Belt and Road strategy will have a significant impact on the global industrial layout, which may break the existing global value chain layout dominated by developed countries. Through the output of the whole industrial chain, closely connect supply and demand, and gradually form a global manufacturing value network with China as the core." Zhao Fengjie said

in terms of scale, the "circle of friends" along the belt and road in China is divided into four levels. Source: the research group of the Institute of machinery industry information believes that in the belt and road initiative, China's equipment manufacturing industry should "accurately release the advantages of the industrial chain", "accurately layout in sub regions", "accurately connect at different levels" and "accurately cooperate with friends" in international cooperation

in Southeast Asia, we should pay attention to the new market of capacity cooperation in Southeast Asia, seize the important opportunity of deepening its industry, and promote the infiltration output of equipment manufacturing industry; In Central Asia, we should attach importance to the development of infrastructure in Central Asia, increase financial support for equipment manufacturing enterprises to go global, and create a model project for capacity output of equipment manufacturing industry; In the Middle East and North Africa, deepen the cooperation with the Middle East and North Africa in energy resources exploration and development, and build a value chain of energy exploration, mining and service relying on the industrial capacity of the West; In central and Eastern Europe, we should pay attention to the in-depth cooperation with high-quality resources, jointly build research institutes and training institutions, promote the cooperation and innovation of medium and high-end equipment industry in central and Eastern Europe, and build a bridgehead for medium and high-end equipment to enter western Europe

Zhao Fengjie said, for example, the development of Malaysia's transportation manufacturing industry requires the import of a large number of machine tools. In recent years, the proportion of China has gradually increased, and in 2013, China became Malaysia's largest source of imports. Therefore, China should continue to strengthen industrial chain cooperation with Southeast Asia, pay attention to the echelon of industrial upgrading in various countries, and realize the precise input of equipment manufacturing products and production capacity

in terms of the proportion of imports, China's "circle of friends" along the belt and road can be divided into three levels

in terms of "precise cooperation by friends", the research group shows that in terms of the scale of the equipment manufacturing industry, China's "circle of friends" along the belt and road can be divided into four levels: countries with an import volume of more than US $10billion belong to the "tyrant" level of China's circle of friends, including 10 countries such as Russia, India, Singapore and Thailand; Countries with an import volume of US $1billion to US $10billion belong to the "high-yield" level, including 19 countries such as Poland, Saudi Arabia, Hungary and Iran; Countries with an import volume of US $100million to US $1billion belong to the "middle class", including 30 countries such as Mongolia, Estonia, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan; Countries with import volume less than 100million US dollars belong to the "low production" level, including Montenegro, Timor Leste and other five countries

Zhao Fengjie said that for "local tyrants" and "high-yield" friends, we should identify the weaknesses in the industrial chain, carry out close cooperation, and enhance our dependence on Chinese demand

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI