A brief discussion on the current situation of gla

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A brief discussion on the current situation of glass packaging industry

in recent years, it has become commonplace for plastic packaging to replace glass packaging in many fields. However, glass packaging still plays an irreplaceable role in some special fields of beer, beverage, medicine, food, chemical industry, cosmetics and other industries. This paper mainly analyzes the development status of glass packaging industry, and puts forward suggestions to promote the further development of the industry

in recent years, some enterprises in the glass packaging container industry have achieved asset optimization, improved product quality, adjusted ownership structure and enterprise structure through mergers, reorganizations, acquisitions, bankruptcy and other measures, laying a solid foundation for the sustainable development of the industry

basic status quo

the overall economy grew slightly

the statistical data of the National Bureau of statistics on all state-owned and non-state-owned enterprises with annual sales of 5million yuan and above in the industry show that the total output of daily-use glass in China in 2002 was 6.44 million tons, an increase of 14% over 5.66 million tons in 1998, with an average annual growth rate of 3.5%

the ownership structure has been adjusted

the output growth rate of the glass packaging industry is not high, and the economic operation quality and benefit growth are not obvious, but the ownership structure of the industry has changed greatly. Large and medium-sized state-owned enterprises in the glass packaging container industry have initially established a modern enterprise system through restructuring, reform and other forms, and a number of more competitive advantageous enterprises have emerged. For example, Qingdao Jinghua Glass factory and Qingdao Guanghua glass factory formed Qingdao Jinghua Glass Co., Ltd; Wuxi Hewei glass factory and Guangdong Jiangmen glass factory were acquired and leased by Taiwan Huaxia glass company respectively; Shandong Huapeng Glass Co., Ltd. has acquired Liaoning Liaoyang glass factory, newly built Shandong Huapeng Heze Glass Co., Ltd., etc. Due to the optimized allocation of assets, the core competitiveness of enterprise groups has been improved. Wholly foreign-owned enterprises, joint ventures and private economy will play an increasingly important role in the whole industry

the pace of technological progress is accelerated.

professional production institutions, the improvement of the level of glass machinery and equipment, the quality of products in the mold and refractory industry, and the promotion and application of a series of new technologies have promoted the technological progress of the glass container industry. Shandong Province is a large province of glass products in China. In recent years, a number of advanced molding equipment and testing equipment have been added, and a number of energy-saving and environment-friendly glass kilns have been transformed and newly built, which has effectively promoted the progress of glass melting, molding and energy-saving technology of kilns

product structure adjustment is valued

some enterprises have achieved certain results in product structure adjustment. Shandong Rizhao Dingxin Glass Co., Ltd. developed small glass shell products a few years ago, which are still in short supply. Due to the high added value of this product, although the company's glass is undoubtedly a huge business opportunity, the output of glass containers has decreased, but the enterprise efficiency has reached a record. China is still at the best level in the stage of in-depth development of industrialization, informatization, urbanization, marketization and internationalization. Shandong Huapeng Glass Co., Ltd. introduced advanced production lines to produce high-end products; Linuo group adopts high-tech and invests in the production of a series of high value-added products, all of which have achieved good returns. Some small glass factories with small scale and many varieties play a regulating role in the whole market, making the product structure of the industry rich and colorful

beer bottle quality improvement

beer packaging is the field with the largest consumption of glass bottles. The improvement of beer bottle quality reflects the improvement of product quality in the industry to a certain extent. The overall trend of beer bottle sampling qualification rate is increasing year by year, reflecting the overall quality level is improving year by year. In 2001, the qualified rate of beer bottle products was 83.6%; In 2002, it was 87.3%. The survey also shows that the product quality of sole proprietorship, joint ventures and large and medium-sized enterprises is in the leading position

The year 2002 was the first year after China joined the WTO. According to customs statistics, the total import and export volume of the industry in 2002 was US $893million, an increase of 34.76% over the same period in 2001; The total import volume was 734million US dollars, an increase of 79.70% over the same period in 2001. The development trend of import and export is good

development suggestions

packaging bottles and cans for food, beverage, medicine, daily chemical and scientific research industries, and packaging glass has great market potential. In order to achieve sustainable and stable development of the packaging glass container industry, in addition to the efforts of enterprises and the support of relevant industries, it also needs the attention of the government and relevant departments

give play to the role of industry associations

with the weakening of the direct administrative management of enterprises by the government, it is very necessary to strengthen the coordination function of industrial organizations and the service function of social intermediaries. While adopting policies, laws, market regulation and other means to indirectly regulate the economic behavior of enterprises, the state should pay attention to the role of developing trade associations in promoting the economic development of enterprises, take necessary measures to create necessary conditions for the continuous consolidation and development of trade associations, so that trade associations can truly become a bridge and link between the government and enterprises

avoid repeated low-level construction

there are problems of total imbalance and repeated construction in the glass container industry. Human resource consumption has exceeded the earth's renewable capacity, and glass production consumes a lot of energy, so a license system should be established; For projects that are conducive to resource conservation, such as energy conservation and recycling of broken glass, support and preferential conditions should be given in the use of funds and taxes

enhance the regeneration ability of enterprises

the glass container industry is a relatively difficult industry, with high labor intensity and poor working environment. It is profitable to never hesitate to use the short-term test data on the plastic manufacturer's data sheet. In the past, during the planned economy period, they made great contributions to the country by paying profits and taxes. However, due to the small amount of self retained funds, the insufficient original accumulation and the small investment in technological transformation, the gap between the whole industry and the international advanced level in terms of technical equipment and product grade is growing. Therefore, it is suggested that the state give policy support to key backbone enterprises in the packaging glass container industry with good market and good development prospects in expanding enterprise capital accumulation or financing

pay attention to the comprehensive utilization of resources

at present, the recovery rate of glass products in China is low, which not only wastes valuable resources, but also causes great harm to the natural environment such as land resources. The recycling of waste glass should be strengthened. First, several major cities are selected to prepare for the construction of waste glass recycling, processing, storage and transportation centers, including domestic waste classification collection and waste glass recycling systems; Waste glass sorting, cleaning, crushing, storage and transportation system; Establish a fixed-point supply and marketing system for broken glass raw materials with user units (glass factories); To form a comprehensive recycling system of waste glass. Secondly, it is suggested that the state should give work support and policy preferences, such as low interest or discount loans to establish hardware systems; Give preferential tax reduction and exemption to facilitate the benign operation of the system; Enact corresponding regulations to support recycling

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